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Online Degrees And Courses In Psychology

Online Degrees And Courses In Psychology

Due to increasing stress level in or lives, psychologists are much in demand. Today, visiting a psychologist is no longer la taboo, as it was few years back. Even some schools and colleges make it a point to have psychologist or a counselor, which proves to be an asset both to the students and the teachers.

Psychology is an extremely diverse field with numerous career paths. Some specialties like caring for the mentally ill are familiar to most of us. Others, like helping with the design of advance computer systems or studying how we remember things, are not widely known. A part from the more popular branches, there are increasing job opportunities like industrial and sport Psychology which are the still kin the embryonic stage in India. But the possibilities are tremendous.

Employment of psychologists is growing almost as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment in health- care is fast growing in outpatient mental health and substance abuse treatment clinics. Numerous job opportunities have come up in schools, public and private social service agencies and management consulting services. Companies are using psychologists expertise in survey, design, analysis and research to provide marketing evaluation and statistical analysis. This field offers a wide scope, yet untapped in India.

Psychology has numerous branches of basic as well as applied kind. Important branches are Social and Environmental psychology, organizational Behaviour/ Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Guidance and Counselling, Psychometry, industrial Psychology, Developmental, Criminal. Experimental Counselling, Animal Psychology etc. All these branches, though different are still interrelated. Most universities in the country offer various online degree courses related to psychology and many people prefering Online degrees in Psychology and Online Criminal Justice Degree. Various one-year diploma courses in child guidance and counselling are offered by several institutes as well. Short term correspondence courses are also available IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) is one such institution. There are several one-year diploma courses in special education or mental retardation. The NCERT also offers specialization courses of one to one and a half year duration.

In Clinical Psychology the post Graduation course offers a minimum of three months field posting with any of the development and mental health centres. After that one can join the psychiatry department of a hospital. NIMHANS, Bangalore, is the best institute for specialization in Clinical Psychology Central Institute of Psychology in Ranchi, Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi and the Delhi University also offer courses in clinical psychology.

Clinical problems like neuroticism, psychoneurosis, psychosis and its various offshoots like schizophrenia, hysteria, obsessive-compulsive disorder, etc., necessitate the work of a clinical psychologist. The main job of a clinical psychologist is to identify, and diagnose the patients and also apply various therapeutic techniques.

A Simple Cross Necklace; A Complex History

A Simple Cross Necklace; A Complex History

Religions around the world use symbols and signs to represent their faith. But perhaps none is so widely recognized or accepted as that of the simple cross. Christians have valued the significance of the cross for centuries. It is a representation of their beliefs that Jesus Christ died on the cross.

Crux immissa, or crux capitata, is the cross that is in the Latin design. This cross depicts the transverse beam set at about 2/3 up the vertical. The Greek cross has the transverse beam set half-way up the vertical. It has been adopted by the East and by Russia.

Crosses have played important roles in the architectural and decorative designs of church buildings since at least the fourth century. However, over the years many forms of the cross design have developed. Some are very simple and others are elaborate.

The Christian cross is a religious symbol of Christianity. It is a representation of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. When the cross includes a representation of Jesus’ body it is considered a crucifix rather than a cross. For many the cross represents a payment made on our behalf. It represents death and life itself. Simply put, its meaning is sometimes explained as a way of representing the belief that we die in sin and live for righteousness.

The Rosary is the traditional essence of Roman Catholic devotion. Because the use of the Rosary involves both a vocal and a mental prayer it totally unites the person as he prays.

The history of the Rosary is not completely clear. It is believed that the Hindus used a repetitive system for counting prayers approximately nine centuries before Christ. Rocks, sticks or even notches in wood were used as counting mechanisms. It was during the 15th century that many of the features of today’s rosary were developed.
The Dominicans were very influential in the spread of devotion and the use of the Rosary.

Origins of the familiar prayer of today are listed below:

Our Father direct from the Gospel of Matthew
Hail Mary derived from the scriptural greetings of Gabriel and Elizabeth to Mary in Luke’s Gospel
Glory Be common doxology used when praying psalms
Salve Regina this addition came much later in the use of the Rosary

Pope John said that the purpose of the Rosary was three-fold: mystical contemplation, intimate reflection, and pious intention. The Rosary prayer is also a wonderful way of family prayer.

Law Of Attraction Classics Practical Mental Influence – Attracting Thought-waves – Ww Atkinson

Law Of Attraction Classics Practical Mental Influence – Attracting Thought-waves – Ww Atkinson

Then again there is another feature of the case that we must not lose sight of, and that is the Attraction between minds, by virtue of which one draws to himself the Thought-Waves of others whose thoughts are in accord with his own.

The contrary is true, for there is Repulsion between the minds of persons and the Thought-Waves of others whose thoughts are not in accord with his own.

The contrary is true, for there is Repulsions between the minds of persons and the Thought-Waves of others antagonistic to their thoughts. To quote a well-worn and much-used expression to illustrate this truth, “Like attracts Like,” and “Birds of a Feather flock together.”

There is ever in operation this marvelous law of Attraction and Repulsion of Mental Energy – Persons allowing their thoughts to run along certain lines, and permitting the feelings to be expressed in certain ways, draw to themselves the Thought-Waves and mental influences of others keyed to the same mental key-note. And likewise they repel the waves and influences of an opposing nature.

This is an important fact to remember in one’s everyday life. Good attracts Good and repels Evil. Evil attracts Evil and repels Good. The predominant Mental Attitude serves to attract similar influences and to repel the opposing ones. Therefore watch carefully the character and nature of your thoughts – cultivate the desirable ones and repress the undesirable ones. Verily “As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he.”

Some Thought-Waves sent forth with but little strength travel slowly and do not proceed very far from their place of emanation, but creep along like some smoke or fog, lazily and yielding. Other thoughts charged with a greater intensity of desire or will, dart forth vigorously like an electric spark, and often travel great distances.

The weak Thought-Waves do not last a very long time, but fade away or become neutralized or dissipated by stronger, forces. But the strong thoughts persist for a long time, retaining much of their vitality and energy.

In the same manner the Thought-Waves of a person will continue to vibrate around him wherever he goes, and those coming in contact with him will be impressed by the character of his vibrations in this way. Some men send forth gloomy vibrations in this way. Some men send forth gloomy vibrations, which you feel when you come in contact with them.

Others radiate good-cheer, courage and happiness, which conditions are induced in those with whom they come in contact. Many people will manifest these qualities so strongly that one can notice the effect the moment such persons enter a room. They carry their atmosphere with them, and the same is induced in the minds of others around them.

In the same way some people carry with them vibrations of Will-Power and Masterfulness that beat upon the minds of others, making them feel the power of such persons and conquering their own will-power and changing their desires.

Others manifest a strong power of Fascination or Attraction, in a similar manner which tends to draw others to them and to their desires and wishes. Not only does this principle operate in the phase of general mental atmospheres, but also in the phase of direct personal influence.

All forms of Mental influence operate along the lines of Mental induction, as herein described. The principle is the same in all cases and instances, although the manner of operation varies according to the particular phase of the phenomena manifested. Remember this as we proceed, and you will be able to understand the subject much better.

Mentally Ill Juvenile Sentenced To 50 Years In Prison

Mentally Ill Juvenile Sentenced To 50 Years In Prison

A court in Johnson County, Kansas sentenced a mentally ill juvenile to life in prison with no chance of parole for 50 years. Andrew Ellman was convicted of murdering his mental health worker, Terri Zenner.

The defendant was 17 years old when he killed the victim. Because he was a juvenile at the time of the incident he was not eligible for the death penalty.

His victim, Teri Zenner, was 26 years old and recently married when he killed her. She worked for Johnson County Mental Health trying to help Andrew Ellmaker learn skills and find a job. She stopped by Ellmaker’s Overland Park home on August 17, 2004, for a routine home visit.

She never left alive. Andrew Ellmaker stabbed her to death and cut her with a chainsaw. He also stabbed his mother when she tried to intervene.

Sue Ellmaker, the defendant’s mother, survived the ordeal. She pleaded for mercy at the sentencing because of her son’s mental illness. She said that her son struggled early with mental illness. By the time he became an adolescent, his mental disorders overwhelmed him. He walked the hallways of his high school alone and wore a black sweatshirt with the hood pulled over his eyes. She placed her son in institutions until her insurance benefits ran out and then had to let him live at home.

The victim’s husband, Matt Zenner, cared nothing for this defense.

“I’m sick and tired of hearing about mental illness,” he said at the sentencing hearing. “Stand up and be a man. You sit there and stare at the floor…. It’s beyond my comprehension that you were able to do this.”

As the husband of the victim, Matt Zenner is entitled to his feelings of loss, anger and bereavement. The family of Terri Zenner deserves all our compassion.

However, as a society we must overcome our prejudice that mental illness is both incomprehensible and inexcusable. Otherwise, we could face even more tragedies like Teri Zenner’s.

More than seventy percent of youth in the juvenile justice system suffer from at least one mental health disorder, according to the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice. For girls, the number is even higher. Eighty percent of girls in juvenile justice suffer mental illness. For all offenders, disruptive disorders are the most common, followed by substance use disorders, anxiety disorders and mood disorders.

Over sixty percent of youths in juvenile justice meet criteria for three or more disorders. Twenty five percent find their lives seriously impaired by mental illness.

For many of their families, juvenile justice provides their first and only access to mental health services. Sue Ellmaker testified that she kept her son in institutions “until her insurance benefits ran out.” Then he returned to the community, where he posed a deadly danger to the community.

Juvenile justice is not set up for mental health services. The aims and services of juvenile justice differ from the needs of the mentally ill youths who enter the system.

Families raising a child with mental illness feel frustrated, overwhelmed and exhausted. In my law practice, we help these families by coordinating special education, juvenile justice and mental health services.

Andrew Ellmaker deserves to spend the rest of his life in prison. The rest of us, though, must work even harder to help families raising children with special needs. It’s the only way to prevent future tragedies from happening.

How Binaural Beats Can Improve Your Mental Health

How Binaural Beats Can Improve Your Mental Health

Wouldnt it be great if there was a way to relieve your pain and better your depression without taking all kinds of drugs? Scientists have found a way to influence your brain using different sound waves, a technique thats been named Binaural beats. When the beats reach your brain, the sound waves influence your brain in different ways, all of which are beneficial to your mental health.

Binaural beats brings positive life improvements by working directly with the brain frequency to stimulate the brain. They are beneficial in many ways like: relaxation, Addictions, Stress, Insomnia, Meditation, Motivation, recently recognized Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD/ADHD). The research to date on binaural beats effect on people with ADHD has proven it helps in improving their focus and concentration.

Take for example my twelve year old son Kevin, who has struggling with the disorder his entire life, he finds binaural beats to be a preferred alternative to the drugs recommended by his neurologist. It has been determined his brain activity has very low levels of beta waves, which are required for concentration and to be consciously alert and very high levels of theta waves.

Each set of binaural beats has a different effect, but dont forget, theyre only effective if youre using headphones. Within just a few minutes of listening you can gain energy, focus your mind on the task at hand, and even increase your memory span. On the opposite end of the spectrum, you can also use these binaural beats to relax, calm down after a hard days work, and even reduce your anxiety and depression.

The beats have been helpful for meditation, sleep apnea and daily stress. Binaural beats have also been used successfully to help aide with physical pain in hospital patients. So if you are looking to sleep better, become more productive, and improve your mental health, pop in a hair of headphones and start listening to the sounds of the binaural beats.

There are numerous scientific articles written on the binaural beats, research, cds and organizations dedicated to educate you on this type of therapy. It is important to research the subject, chose the right one for you and in certain cases contact your physician before you begin.

Can Agoraphobia Turn Into A Mental Illness

Can Agoraphobia Turn Into A Mental Illness

Am I going crazy?”

The fear of developing a mental illness or going crazy is a common fear among people with agoraphobia.

There are some good reasons for this fear.

First, panic attacks can make you feel like you are going crazy. During a panic attack, your mind and body feel out of control.

Because panic attacks can make you feel out of control, some people with agoraphobia have fears about suddenly losing control of themselves and doing crazy things. For example, I’ve heard people with agoraphobia say they were afraid of spontaneously jumping out of a high, open window, driving into another car in traffic, or stabbing someone they loved with a kitchen knife.

When you don’t feel in control of your mind and body, it’s easy to develop scary, obsessive thoughts like this – which can lead to the misconception that panic will keep growing worse until it turns into mental illness.

But, the truth is, agoraphobia is not a mental illness, nor can it turn into one. Psychiatrist and phobia expert, Fredric Neuman, director of the White Plains Hospital Phobia Clinic, says:

“Agoraphobia does not cause a physical derangement or psychosis. Schizophrenia and other such serious illnesses do not grow out of panic states.”

In his book, Rising Above Fear, Dr. Neuman describes agoraphobia as developing through “mistakes in learning.” Mental illnesses like schizophrenia are conditions in which a person loses touch with reality. Anxiety disorders like agoraphobia are conditions in which a person develops some unrealistic fears within reality.

That’s the main difference between agoraphobia and mental illness: Agoraphobia is learned. Mental illness is not.

This means that agoraphobia is more highly treatable than mental illness because it develops through processes over which you can gain control. If you have agoraphobia, you have just learned to think and behave in certain ways over a period of time. Learned behaviors and thought patterns can be unlearned, with patience and consistent effort.

If you have agoraphobia right now, be rest assured that you’re not sick and you are not mentally ill. Nor will your condition develop into mental illness, no matter how crazy the panic attacks make you feel. You are a normal person who has just learned some unusual fears.

Systems Of Counter Strike Global Offensive Hack – The Inside Track

Systems Of Counter Strike Global Offensive Hack – The Inside Track

Counterstrike Global Offensive

The start the newest millennium has tremendously shifted decorations in humans life. The 20th century must have been a kind of a jolt to the humankind – massive industrial growth leaps, significant competitions, genetically modest organisms, foods biochemistry – anything that happened with this 100 years incorporates a great importance to the people once we have discovered a whole lot with this. Nowadays it’s about time for it to look after these errors and commence an entirely completely new existing – this can be the course that many individuals are choosing.

Scrimming may be the act of your five-person team going head to head against another five-person team on a selected map with the preset goal of winning 16 rounds out of 30. Scrimming has grown to be so well received that lots of professional gamers are actually born from the craze, some even making profits so lucrative that they can need no career other than outside their computer room to aid themselves. While I wouldn’t recommend this lifestyle and career for your feeble or undetermined, organized Counter-Strike remains to be an incredibly engaging and productive hobby for people who as being a less physical sport while still touching every aspect of your mental workout – sounds silly, yet it’s true.

If you have to check out court, it is advisable to work with a competent lawyer. Prior to choosing the Houston legal representative make certain that she or he is an official part of your neighborhood club association. Try to make full use of referrer solutions along with other signifies for the greatest lawyer in Houston. Also discover his background which means you obtain a good regarded his capabilities. Houston is just one position to find legal representatives in only about every field, whether it is criminal, divorce, immigration, defense and litigation visa and other area in places you will require assistance.

Then again, if you continue with the demolition maps (de_”map” or, since we are going to speak about leagues, cpl_de_”map”) you could start with a “professional gaming” career. Sure, this is not and will also take the time. But, in the event you practice, it is possible to turn your past-time in to a income generating machine. Given, you don’t sound very successful whenever you say, “I play Counter-Strike for a living”. Trust me though, within a few years, I am sure that I will likely be seeing the “International Cyber-Olympic Games”. Wonderful.

The Walking Dead: Survival Instinct permits you to handle negligence Daryl Dixon. As Daryl, you can choose whatever weapon you can find for being useful. You’ll be able to select many different weapons you can find hanging around providing it keeps you alive. The game may even feature Merle Dixon, Daryl’s brother. There is still no concrete information you can definitely be considered a playable character or perhaps not, all we realize is the fact he will be making his appearance within the overall game.

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Mental Wellness 101 – What Is Mental Health To You

Mental Wellness 101 – What Is Mental Health To You

Mental wellness is determined by how the mind, spirit and body are related and how well they are in functioning together as a unit. It does not alone mean disease absence but how good the three are in achieving goals set by an individual. The three are what make up a personality and determine how successful and reasonable one is towards life. Wellness mentally therefore involves physical and spiritual stability of an individual. There is no way you can separate the three as they work hand in hand in dealing with life for they all seek to explain what is mental health.

For you to be termed as mentally well, you must be active in thinking and have the ability to create and experiment. This in turn means that you can be in a position to determine a problem and work towards solving it. The ability to think also helps you in dealing with social conflicts that may come your way. You must also keep in touch with your emotions and feelings. This means that you have the ability to express any negative or positive feelings you may be going through effectively. .

You will know that your mental status is well when you have control over your beliefs and goals. You should realize that your skills and efforts are worthwhile giving you all the satisfaction you need. This depends on how positive you are towards life and how confident you are with the things you do and the things you face with each passing day. The creative part of you will allow you to have joyous moments as well as the ability to achieve serious tasks while having fun.

A person who is well mentally will not have a hard time in socializing with people around as he or she is fully aware of the social side of his personality. You are only as strong as you feel and as successful as you want to be. If you are afraid of forming relationships, you will end up leading a life that is tasteless. You should be in a position to take good care of yourself both physically, mentally and spiritually by engaging in activities that cater for these areas of life.

To be mentally well, there is a need to develop positive attitude towards life if things are to work to your advantage. People who are too choosy or are hard to please find they lack in certain areas of life which can amount to mental instability even without them noticing it. You have the ability and control to set your mind in a positive direction in the end giving you the mental stability you need to be successful in life.

In explaining what is mental health, then one can conclude mental wellness being a matter of how well you can handle the things that face you and how good you are in dealing with all sorts of situations without the need of feeling helpless or lacking to do what is required. With the right attitude and focus on the things that matter most, you will for sure achieve any height you would like on the success ladder molding you into what you desire to be.

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CHARACTER OF THE BOSS IN KATHERINE MANSFIELD’S THE FLY

CHARACTER OF THE BOSS IN KATHERINE MANSFIELD’S THE FLY

CHARACTER OF THE BOSS IN KATHERINE MANSFIELD’s THE FLY

Katherine Mansfield’s short story The Fly is taken from the collection ‘Dove’s Nest’ and inspired by her dear brother Leslie’s death, it is one of her finest short stories. The Fly is the story of a person haunted for six years by the death of his son. It is the depiction of anguish. Mansfield’s technique in her stories was to make her characters show their thoughts by a kind of mental soliloquy -fluttering, gossipy, breathless with questions and answers.’ Moreover like Lawrence she creates an intense atmosphere through suggestive details. The character of the Boss in the story The Fly is represented through dialogue, monologue and symbolism. These are the three clear cut sections in the story. The first introduction to boss is to his outside appearance. The second ventures into his mind. The third presents a thoroughly complex character that one has to think over.

The Boss is introduced through a conversation with his friend Woodifield. We realize Woodifield is old, retired, physically weak, and financially not very well off. Boss is presented through the method of contrast. The Boss is stout, rosy, healthy, although five years senior to him, but still going strong and in control of affairs. The Boss has done well for himself. He has a comfortable office with new carpet, new furniture, electric heating and with all the physical comforts that would give him -solid satisfaction’. But all this is appearance. The chink in the armour is the photograph of a grave looking boy in uniform. It was not new, it had been there for six years. The photograph strikes the discordant note. It is one old thing in all that is new. It hides a secret. It is a story of agony that the boss wants to avoid. So he does not draw attention to the photograph. But Mansfield’s process of breaking the appearance has started. She does it through Woodifield. The latter tries to remember something. The Boss feels sympathy for him. This is ironical. We soon question who wants sympathy. However the Boss produces a whisky to Woodifield’s glee. But the whisky unleashes a series of agony for Boss and soon the positions are reversed. Woodifield starts talking about Reggie’s grave and the grave of the Boss’ son nearby. The daughters of Woodifield had gone to Belgium and spotted it. The Boss makes no reply but only a quiver in his eyelid showed that he heard. This is the beginning of the process of suppression of emotion. Woodifield goes on describing the graves. The boss responds without even knowing what he was saying. The contrast in characters is clear. Woodifield had accepted his son’s death and could talk freely about it. But it hurt the Boss to even think about it. He wanted to avoid it. In fact he is a figure of pity. It was a hidden sorrow in his mind. After this Woodifield leaves. The mention of Reggie’s grave was a shock to the Boss. For six years the Boss had suppressed sorrow in his mind. He had never thought of the boy dead but in his uniform, sleeping peacefully. Now at the mention of his son’s grave, which was reality he tried to cry but he could not cry. It is common in Mansfield’s stories that characters come to the brink of tears but do not break down. She avoids sentiments. But she expresses something deeper. The Boss prepared to weep but could not weep. In the initial years the Boss used to break down thinking about his son. He had thought then the Time would not change his sentiments. He had considered himself far more hurt by his son’s death than others. He had worked all his life building up his business for his son. Life was meaningless without him. He had been the proud father. Often they had journeyed together. He had been loved by the office staff and he was not spoilt. But one telegram carrying the news of his son’s death had crashed his world. All this Mansfield narrates to bring out the depth of hurt in Boss and the intensity of his loss. It helps us understand the Boss’ emotions. But now after six years he could not recall his emotions. This was causing him further agony.

At this moment a fly falls in to the inkpot in front of the Boss. Somehow it clambered out. But then the Boss had an idea. He dropped ink over the fly again and saw it struggle. He admired the insect’s pluck. From this point onwards the Boss starts paralleling the plight of the fly with that of his son. Perhaps his son too had struggled like that on the battlefield. The Boss dropped another drop on the fly. He wanted to see what would happen. His son had not escaped death. The Boss becomes God here. He refuses to let the fly live. The fly drops dead on the blotting paper. Then the Boss realizes the loss. It was the loss of his son. In agony he asks for fresh blotting paper. He could not remember what he was thinking about. He is reduced to the state of Woodifield. It is a highly complex mind that we encounter. It is left to the reader’s imagination to interpret what he is thinking. The Boss emerges as a pitiable character with a wound nobody can heal.

How To Improve Concentration And Mental Alertness

How To Improve Concentration And Mental Alertness

One of the most important things to control your own mind is concentration. In this article I have focused the incredible power of concentration and mental alertness. If you learn how to develop your concentration level or what are the exercises that help you to improve you concentration, you are on the right track to improve your personality. Your mind which you do have been in command of over, gives you tremendous power. Only with the help of concentration you can control your mind.

Exercise can organize your mind; you can get the rest of those never-ending other parts of the universe to begin to march in formation. No one would intentionally create failure, or bad relationships, or any other pain. You can only do something that is not good for you, if you do it without thinking. This means if you are creating something you dont want, you must not be doing so without thinking. The key is to become more conscious, more aware stop creating all the dramas and other waste you dont want in your life. You can do yoga, exercises to increase your ability to be consciously alert.

As you continue with the exercises and yoga, doing this your mind becomes more concentrated and inner part of you becomes stronger and stronger. You can help things along, however, by remembering and using a very important part of wisdom. Its the reality that whatever you focus on manifests as reality in your life. You are always concentrating on something, whether you are conscious of it or not. If I spent some time with you, and heard your history, I could tell you what you are concentrating on. The outcomes you get are always the effect of your concentration.

The difficulty is that this concentration is usually not conscious focus, its automatic focus. We automatically concentrate on something we dont want, and then when we get it we experience like a victim and dont even stop to think that we created it in the first place. And what is more, we dont understand we could choose to create something entirely different if we could choose to create something fully different if we could only get out of the cycle of automatically concentrating on something other than what we want.

There are some people out there who can and will harm you. Relationships can be unsafe and painful. You have to watch out for these people or from time to time, relationships in general and avoid them. Unluckily, to watch out for them and keep away from them, you have to concentrate your mind on people who could hurt you, or bad relationships, and that concentration draws more of what you dont want to do. So when they come into view in your life you are drawn to them. This is why many people prefer to have one relationship after another with the same person, but in different bodies.

Concentrating on what you do not want, paradoxically, makes it happen. Concentrating on not being poor makes you poor. Concentrating on not making mistakes causes you to make mistakes. Concentrating on not having a bad relationship creates bad relationships. This all happens only if you have lack of concentration. So it is important to develop your concentration level to achieve great success in life.

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